The dry period lasts for six to eight weeks, and can be divided into two periods, the so-called Far-off period and the Close-up period. The Far-off period begins at the start of the dry period up to three weeks before calving and functions as a time for healing of the udder tissue and any udder infections. The Close-up period begins three weeks before calving up to calving itself and focuses on preparation for the next lactation. The main overarching goal during the dry period is to ensure that the next lactation runs as smoothly as possible.
Figure: Overview of lactation cycle of dairy cattle